Advanced Photonics
Xiao-Cong (Larry) Yuan, Anatoly Zayats

In the system, a high-quality mechanical mode serves as a coherent link between the pump and probe photons at different wavelengths. The information carried by the pump light traveling in the fiber core is coherently transferred to the probe light of a cavity mode traveling orthogonally in the fiber cladding.

Jian Wang

The article comments on a recently reported OAM comb. The proposed approach relies on a simple azimuthal binary phase modulation scheme to transform a Gaussian beam into a structured light beam containing multiple OAM components with equal spacing and uniform power. It provides a convenient way to simultaneously tailor multiple OAM channels, with the potential to impact many fields, including optical information technology.

Sep. 13, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 050501 (2022)
  • Raphael Pooser

    The article comments on the recently demonstrated deterministic generation of large-scale continuous-variable hyperentanglement.

    Sep. 24, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 050502 (2022)
  • Jinhai Zou, Jinfen Hong, Zhuang Zhao, Qingyuan Li, Qiujun Ruan, Hang Wang, Yikun Bu, Xianchao Guan, Min Zhou, Zhiyong Feng, and Zhengqian Luo

    Green semiconductor lasers are still undeveloped, so high-power green lasers have heavily relied on nonlinear frequency conversion of near-infrared lasers, precluding compact and low-cost green laser systems. Here, we report the first Watt-level all-fiber CW Pr3 + -doped laser operating directly in the green spectral region, addressing the aforementioned difficulties. The compact all-fiber laser consists of a double-clad Pr3 + -doped fluoride fiber, two homemade fiber dichroic mirrors at visible wavelengths, and a 443-nm fiber-pigtailed pump source. Benefitting from > 10 MW / cm2 high damage intensity of our designed fiber dielectric mirror, the green laser can stably deliver 3.62-W of continuous-wave power at ∼ 521 nm with a slope efficiency of 20.9%. To the best of our knowledge, this is the largest output power directly from green fiber lasers, which is one order higher than previously reported. Moreover, these green all-fiber laser designs are optimized by using experiments and numerical simulations. Numerical results are in excellent agreement with our experimental results and show that the optimal gain fiber length, output mirror reflectivity, and doping level should be considered to obtain higher power and efficiency. This work may pave a path toward compact high-power green all-fiber lasers for applications in biomedicine, laser display, underwater detection, and spectroscopy.

    Aug. 30, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 056001 (2022)
  • Linpeng Lu, Jiaji Li, Yefeng Shu, Jiasong Sun, Jie Zhou, Edmund Y. Lam, Qian Chen, and Chao Zuo

    Transport of intensity equation (TIE) is a well-established non-interferometric phase retrieval approach that enables quantitative phase imaging (QPI) by simply measuring intensity images at multiple axially displaced planes. The advantage of a TIE-based QPI system is its compatibility with partially coherent illumination, which provides speckle-free imaging with resolution beyond the coherent diffraction limit. However, TIE is generally implemented with a brightfield (BF) configuration, and the maximum achievable imaging resolution is still limited to the incoherent diffraction limit (twice the coherent diffraction limit). It is desirable that TIE-related approaches can surpass this limit and achieve high-throughput [high-resolution and wide field of view (FOV)] QPI. We propose a hybrid BF and darkfield transport of intensity (HBDTI) approach for high-throughput quantitative phase microscopy. Two through-focus intensity stacks corresponding to BF and darkfield illuminations are acquired through a low-numerical-aperture (NA) objective lens. The high-resolution and large-FOV complex amplitude (both quantitative absorption and phase distributions) can then be synthesized based on an iterative phase retrieval algorithm taking the coherence model decomposition into account. The effectiveness of the proposed method is experimentally verified by the retrieval of the USAF resolution target and different types of biological cells. The experimental results demonstrate that the half-width imaging resolution can be improved from 1230 nm to 488 nm with 2.5 × expansion across a 4 × FOV of 7.19 mm2, corresponding to a 6.25 × increase in space-bandwidth product from ∼5 to ∼30.2 megapixels. In contrast to conventional TIE-based QPI methods where only BF illumination is used, the synthetic aperture process of HBDTI further incorporates darkfield illuminations to expand the accessible object frequency, thereby significantly extending the maximum available resolution from 2NA to ∼5NA with a ∼5 × promotion of the coherent diffraction limit. Given its capability for high-throughput QPI, the proposed HBDTI approach is expected to be adopted in biomedical fields, such as personalized genomics and cancer diagnostics.

    Sep. 27, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 056002 (2022)
  • Xiang Xi, Chang-Ling Zou, Chun-Hua Dong, and Xiankai Sun

    Modern information networks are built on hybrid systems working at disparate optical wavelengths. Coherent interconnects for converting photons between different wavelengths are highly desired. Although coherent interconnects have conventionally been realized with nonlinear optical effects, those systems require demanding experimental conditions, such as phase matching and/or cavity enhancement, which not only bring difficulties in experimental implementation but also set a narrow tuning bandwidth (typically in the MHz to GHz range as determined by the cavity linewidth). Here, we propose and experimentally demonstrate coherent information transfer between two orthogonally propagating light beams of disparate wavelengths in a fiber-based optomechanical system, which does not require phase matching or cavity enhancement of the pump beam. The coherent process is demonstrated by interference phenomena similar to optomechanically induced transparency and absorption. Our scheme not only significantly simplifies the experimental implementation of coherent wavelength conversion but also extends the tuning bandwidth to that of an optical fiber (tens of THz), which will enable a broad range of coherent-optics-based applications, such as optical sensing, spectroscopy, and communication.

    Oct. 31, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 056003 (2022)
  • Pierre Didier, Hamza Dely, Thomas Bonazzi, Olivier Spitz, Elie Awwad, Étienne Rodriguez, Angela Vasanelli, Carlo Sirtori, and Frédéric Grillot

    Free-space optical communication is a very promising alternative to fiber communication systems, in terms of ease of deployment and costs. Midinfrared light has several features of utter relevance for free-space applications: low absorption when propagating in the atmosphere even under adverse conditions, robustness of the wavefront during long-distance propagation, and absence of regulations and restrictions for this range of wavelengths. A proof-of-concept of high-speed transmission taking advantage of intersubband devices has recently been demonstrated, but this effort was limited by the short-distance optical path (up to 1 m). In this work, we study the possibility of building a long-range link using unipolar quantum optoelectronics. Two different detectors are used: an uncooled quantum cascade detector and a nitrogen-cooled quantum well-infrared photodetector. We evaluate the maximum data rate of our link in a back-to-back configuration before adding a Herriott cell to increase the length of the light path up to 31 m. By using pulse shaping, pre- and post-processing, we reach a record bitrate of 30 Gbit s - 1 for both two-level (OOK) and four-level (PAM-4) modulation schemes for a 31-m propagation link and a bit error rate compatible with error-correction codes.

    Nov. 01, 2022
  • Vol. 4 Issue 5 056004 (2022)
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