High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Colin Danson, Jianqiang Zhu
2015
Volume: 3 Issue 2
4 Article(s)
H. Tomizawa, T. Sato, K. Ogawa, K. Togawa, T. Tanaka, T. Hara, M. Yabashi, H. Tanaka, T. Ishikawa, T. Togashi, S. Matsubara, Y. Okayasu, T. Watanabe, E.J. Takahashi, K. Midorikawa, M. Aoyama, K. Yamakawa, S. Owada, A. Iwasaki, and K. Yamanouchi

A fully coherent free electron laser (FEL) seeded with a higher-order harmonic (HH) pulse from high-order harmonic generation (HHG) is successfully operated for a sufficiently prolonged time in pilot user experiments by using a timing drift feedback. For HHG-seeded FELs, the seeding laser pulses have to be synchronized with electron bunches. Despite seeded FELs being non-chaotic light sources in principle, external laser-seeded FELs are often unstable in practice because of a timing jitter and a drift between the seeding laser pulses and the accelerated electron bunches. Accordingly, we constructed a relative arrival-timing monitor based on non-invasive electro-optic sampling (EOS). The EOS monitor made uninterrupted shot-to-shot monitoring possible even during the seeded FEL operation. The EOS system was then used for arrival-timing feedback with an adjustability of 100 fs for continual operation of the HHG-seeded FEL. Using the EOS-based beam drift controlling system, the HHG-seeded FEL was operated over half a day with an effective hit rate of 20%–30%. The output pulse energy was 20 mJ at the 61.2 nm wavelength. Towards seeded FELs in the water window region, we investigated our upgrade plan to seed high-power FELs with HH photon energy of 30–100 eV and lase at shorter wavelengths of up to 2 nm through high-gain harmonic generation (HGHG) at the energy-upgraded SPring-8 Compact SASE Source (SCSS) accelerator. We studied a benefit as well as the feasibility of the next HHG-seeded FEL machine with single-stage HGHG with tunability of a lasing wavelength.

Jan. 01, 1900
  • Vol. 3 Issue 2 02000001 (2015)
  • Xiang Jiao, Jianqiang Zhu, Quantang Fan, and Yangshuai Li

    To establish the mechanism of surface change in a continuous polishing system, an ideal mathematical model is built based on Winkler’s hypothesis and the Preston equation. The basic features of the model are the change rates in the surface peak–valley (PV) values of the workpiece, conditioning disk and pitch lap, rather than the specific surface shapes. In addition, an equilibrium state exists in the system, indicating that the surface change rates are all zero. Under equilibrium, the surface of the lap could remain flat, and it is insensitive to the surface error of the workpiece. These characteristics lay the theoretical foundations for high-efficiency and high-precision polishing. The methods to obtain an equilibrium state with flat surfaces are then proposed and confirmed experimentally. High-precision surfaces better than λ/10 (λ=632.8 nm) are consistently produced experimentally.

    Jan. 01, 1900
  • Vol. 3 Issue 2 02000001 (2015)
  • V.A. Smalyuk, S.V. Weber, D.T. Casey, D.S. Clark, J.E. Field, S.W. Haan, A.V. Hamza, D.E. Hoover, O.L. Landen, A. Nikroo, H.F. Robey, and C.R. Weber

    The first hydrodynamic instability growth measurements with three-dimensional (3D) surface-roughness modulations were performed on CH shell spherical implosions at the National Ignition Facility (NIF) [G. H. Miller, E. I. Moses, and C. R. Wuest, Opt. Eng. 43, 2841 (2004)]. The initial capsule outer-surface amplitudes were increased approximately four times, compared with the standard specifications, to increase the signal-to-noise ratio, helping to qualify a technique for measuring small 3D modulations. The instability growth measurements were performed using x-ray through-foil radiography based on time-resolved pinhole imaging. Averaging over 15 similar images significantly increased the signal-to-noise ratio, making possible a comparison with 3D simulations. At a convergence ratio of _2:4, the measured modulation levels were _3 times larger than those simulated based on the growth of the known imposed initial surface modulations. Several hypotheses are discussed, including increased instability growth due to modulations of the oxygen content in the bulk of the capsule. Future experiments will be focused on measurements with standard 3D ‘nativeroughness’ capsules as well as with deliberately imposed oxygen modulations.

    Jan. 01, 1900
  • Vol. 3 Issue 2 02000001 (2015)
  • Chun Li, Guo-Qian Liao, and Yu-Tong Li

    With the development of ultraintense terawatt (TW) and petawatt (PW) laser systems, powerful terahertz (THz) radiation from laser–plasma interactions has been reported. Plasma-based THz systems, which are usually operated at extremely low repetition rates, call for single-shot diagnostics. In this paper, various state-of-the-art single-shot detection methods are introduced or designed for measurements and applications involved in high-power plasma-based THz sciences.

    Jan. 01, 1900
  • Vol. 3 Issue 2 02000001 (2015)
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