High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Colin Danson, Jianqiang Zhu
Volume: 11 Issue 4
11 Article(s)
N. Xu, M. J. V. Streeter, O. C. Ettlinger, H. Ahmed, S. Astbury, M. Borghesi, N. Bourgeois, C. B. Curry, S. J. D. Dann, N. P. Dover, T. Dzelzainis, V. Istokskaia, M. Gauthier, L. Giuffrida, G. D. Glenn, S. H. Glenzer, R. J. Gray, J. S. Green, G. S. Hicks, C. Hyland, M. King, B. Loughran, D. Margarone, O. McCusker, P. McKenna, C. Parisuaña, P. Parsons, C. Spindloe, D. R. Symes, F. Treffert, C. A. J. Palmer, and Z. Najmudin

Jun. 05, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e43 (2023)
  • Nils Weiße, Leonard Doyle, Johannes Gebhard, Felix Balling, Florian Schweiger, Florian Haberstroh, Laura D. Geulig, Jinpu Lin, Faran Irshad, Jannik Esslinger, Sonja Gerlach, Max Gilljohann, Vignesh Vaidyanathan, Dennis Siebert, Andreas Münzer, Gregor Schilling, Jörg Schreiber, Peter G. Thirolf, Stefan Karsch, and Andreas Döpp

    The Centre for Advanced Laser Applications in Garching, Germany, is home to the ATLAS-3000 multi-petawatt laser, dedicated to research on laser particle acceleration and its applications. A control system based on Tango Controls is implemented for both the laser and four experimental areas. The device server approach features high modularity, which, in addition to the hardware control, enables a quick extension of the system and allows for automated data acquisition of the laser parameters and experimental data for each laser shot. In this paper we present an overview of our implementation of the control system, as well as our advances in terms of experimental operation, online supervision and data processing. We also give an outlook on advanced experimental supervision and online data evaluation – where the data can be processed in a pipeline – which is being developed on the basis of this infrastructure.

    Feb. 21, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e44 (2023)
  • Filip Grepl, Maksym Tryus, Timofej Chagovets, and Daniele Margarone

    An optical probing of laser–plasma interactions can provide time-resolved measurements of plasma density; however, single-shot and multi-frame probing capabilities generally rely on complex setups with limited flexibility. We have demonstrated a new method for temporal resolution of the rapid dynamics ( $\sim 170$ fs) of plasma evolution within a single laser shot based on the generation of several consecutive probe pulses from a single beta barium borate-based optical parametric amplifier using a fraction of the driver pulse with the possibility to adjust the central wavelengths and delays of particular pulses by optical delay lines. The flexibility and scalability of the proposed experimental technique are presented and discussed.

    Apr. 16, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e45 (2023)
  • Fukang Yin, Juan Long, Yaoxiang Liu, Yingxia Wei, Bin Zhu, Kainan Zhou, Tie-Jun Wang, Yuxin Leng, and Ruxin Li

    As intense, ultrashort, kHz-repetition-rate laser systems become commercially available, pulse cumulative effects are critical for laser filament-based applications. In this work, the pulse repetition-rate effect on femtosecond laser filamentation in air was investigated both numerically and experimentally. The pulse repetition-rate effect has negligible influence at the leading edge of the filament. Clear intensity enhancement from a high-repetition pulse is observed at the peak and tailing edge of the laser filament. As the repetition rate of the laser pulses increases from 100 to 1000 Hz, the length of the filament extends and the intensity inside the filament increases. A physical picture based on the pulse repetition-rate dependent ‘low-density hole’ effect on filamentation is proposed to explain the obtained results well.

    Mar. 30, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e46 (2023)
  • Duo Jin, Zhenxu Bai, Zhongan Zhao, Yifu Chen, Wenqiang Fan, Yulei Wang, Richard P. Mildren, and Zhiwei Lü

    This study analyzes the linewidth narrowing characteristics of free-space-running Brillouin lasers and investigates the approaches to achieve linewidth compression and power enhancement simultaneously. The results show that the Stokes linewidth behavior in a free-space-running Brillouin laser cavity is determined by the phase diffusion of the pump and the technical noise of the system. Experimentally, a Stokes light output with a power of 22.5 W and a linewidth of 3.2 kHz was obtained at a coupling mirror reflectivity of 96%, which is nearly 2.5 times compressed compared with the linewidth of the pump (7.36 kHz). In addition, the theorical analysis shows that at a pump power of 60 W and a coupling mirror reflectivity of 96%, a Stokes output with a linewidth of 1.6 kHz and up to 80% optical conversion efficiency can be achieved by reducing the insertion loss of the intracavity. This study provides a promising technical route to achieve high-power ultra-narrow linewidth special wavelength laser radiations.

    Jun. 06, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e47 (2023)
  • Yannik Zobus, Christian Brabetz, Johannes Hornung, Jonas B. Ohland, Dirk Reemts, Ji-Ping Zou, Markus Loeser, Daniel Albach, Ulrich Schramm, and Vincent Bagnoud

    We report on the development of an ultrafast optical parametric amplifier front-end for the Petawatt High Energy Laser for heavy Ion eXperiments (PHELIX) and the Petawatt ENergy-Efficient Laser for Optical Plasma Experiments (PEnELOPE) facilities. This front-end delivers broadband and stable amplification up to 1 mJ per pulse while maintaining a high beam quality. Its implementation at PHELIX allowed one to bypass the front-end amplifier, which is known to be a source of pre-pulses. With the bypass, an amplified spontaneous emission contrast of $4.9\times {10}^{-13}$ and a pre-pulse contrast of $6.2\times {10}^{-11}$ could be realized. Due to its high stability, high beam quality and its versatile pump amplifier, the system offers an alternative for high-gain regenerative amplifiers in the front-end of various laser systems.

    Mar. 30, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e48 (2023)
  • G. Pérez-Callejo, V. Bouffetier, L. Ceurvorst, T. Goudal, S. R. Klein, D. Svyatskiy, M. Holec, P. Perez-Martin, K. Falk, A. Casner, T. E. Weber, G. Kagan, and M. P. Valdivia

    Diagnosing the evolution of laser-generated high energy density (HED) systems is fundamental to develop a correct understanding of the behavior of matter under extreme conditions. Talbot–Lau interferometry constitutes a promising tool, since it permits simultaneous single-shot X-ray radiography and phase-contrast imaging of dense plasmas. We present the results of an experiment at OMEGA EP that aims to probe the ablation front of a laser-irradiated foil using a Talbot–Lau X-ray interferometer. A polystyrene (CH) foil was irradiated by a laser of 133 J, 1 ns and probed with 8 keV laser-produced backlighter radiation from Cu foils driven by a short-pulse laser (153 J, 11 ps). The ablation front interferograms were processed in combination with a set of reference images obtained ex situ using phase-stepping. We managed to obtain attenuation and phase-shift images of a laser-irradiated foil for electron densities above ${10}^{22}\;{\mathrm{cm}}^{-3}$ . These results showcase the capabilities of Talbot–Lau X-ray diagnostic methods to diagnose HED laser-generated plasmas through high-resolution imaging.

    May. 26, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e49 (2023)
  • Yiheng Fan, Hao Xiu, Wei Lin, Xuewen Chen, Xu Hu, Wenlong Wang, Junpeng Wen, Hao Tian, Molei Hao, Chiyi Wei, Luyi Wang, Xiaoming Wei, and Zhongmin Yang

    In this work, we present a high-power, high-repetition-rate, all-fiber femtosecond laser system operating at 1.5 $\unicode{x3bc}$ m. This all-fiber laser system can deliver femtosecond pulses at a fundamental repetition rate of 10.6 GHz with an average output power of 106.4 W – the highest average power reported so far from an all-fiber femtosecond laser at 1.5 $\unicode{x3bc}$ m, to the best of our knowledge. By utilizing the soliton-effect-based pulse compression effect with optimized pre-chirping dispersion, the amplified pulses are compressed to 239 fs in an all-fiber configuration. Empowered by such a high-power ultrafast fiber laser system, we further explore the nonlinear interaction among transverse modes LP01, LP11 and LP21 that are expected to potentially exist in fiber laser systems using large-mode-area fibers. The intermodal modulational instability is theoretically investigated and subsequently identified in our experiments. Such a high-power all-fiber ultrafast laser without bulky free-space optics is anticipated to be a promising laser source for applications that specifically require compact and robust operation.

    May. 25, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e50 (2023)
  • Zhipeng Liu, Zhusong Mei, Defeng Kong, Zhuo Pan, Shirui Xu, Ying Gao, Yinren Shou, Pengjie Wang, Zhengxuan Cao, Yulan Liang, Ziyang Peng, Jiarui Zhao, Shiyou Chen, Tan Song, Xun Chen, Tianqi Xu, Xueqing Yan, and Wenjun Ma

    Post-acceleration of protons in helical coil targets driven by intense, ultrashort laser pulses can enhance ion energy by utilizing the transient current from the targets’ self-discharge. The acceleration length of protons can exceed a few millimeters, and the acceleration gradient is of the order of GeV/m. How to ensure the synchronization between the accelerating electric field and the protons is a crucial problem for efficient post-acceleration. In this paper, we study how the electric field mismatch induced by current dispersion affects the synchronous acceleration of protons. We propose a scheme using a two-stage helical coil to control the current dispersion. With optimized parameters, the energy gain of protons is increased by four times. Proton energy is expected to reach 45 MeV using a hundreds-of-terawatts laser, or more than 100 MeV using a petawatt laser, by controlling the current dispersion.

    Apr. 18, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e51 (2023)
  • Hongyang Li, Keyang Liu, Xinliang Wang, Xingyan Liu, Xianze Meng, Yanqi Liu, Liwei Song, Yuxin Leng, and Ruxin Li

    The development of high-intensity ultrafast laser facilities provides the possibility to create novel physical phenomena and matter states. The timing fluctuation of the laser pulses is crucial for pump–probe experiments, which is one of the vital means to observe the ultrafast dynamics driven by intense laser pulses. In this paper, we demonstrate the timing fluctuation characterization and control of the front end of a 100-PW laser that is composed of a high-contrast optical parametric amplifier (seed) and a 200-TW optical parametric chirped pulse amplifier (preamplifier). By combining the timing jitter measurement with a feedback system, the laser seed and preamplifier are synchronized to the reference with timing fluctuations of 1.82 and 4.48 fs, respectively. The timing system will be a key prerequisite for the stable operation of 100-PW laser facilities and provide the basis for potential pump–probe experiments performed on the laser.

    Jun. 13, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e52 (2023)
  • Linpeng Yu, Jinhui Liang, Qinghui Zeng, Jiacheng Wang, Xing Luo, Jinzhang Wang, Peiguang Yan, Fanlong Dong, Xing Liu, Qitao Lü, Chunyu Guo, and Shuangchen Ruan

    High-power femtosecond mid-infrared (MIR) lasers are of vast importance to both fundamental research and applications. We report a high-power femtosecond master oscillator power amplifier laser system consisting of a single-mode Er:ZBLAN fiber mode-locked oscillator and pre-amplifier followed by a large-mode-area Er:ZBLAN fiber main amplifier. The main amplifier is actively cooled and bidirectionally pumped at 976 nm, generating a slope efficiency of 26.9%. Pulses of 8.12 W, 148 fs at 2.8 μm with a repetition rate of 69.65 MHz are achieved. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest average power ever achieved from a femtosecond MIR laser source. Such a compact ultrafast laser system is promising for a wide range of applications, such as medical surgery and material processing.

    Jun. 01, 2023
  • Vol. 11 Issue 4 04000e53 (2023)
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