High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Joerg Schreiber; Rodrigo Lopez-Martens; Lieselotte Obst-Huebl; Jianhui Bin
Vol. 10, Issue , 2022
Editor(s): Joerg Schreiber; Rodrigo Lopez-Martens; Lieselotte Obst-Huebl; Jianhui Bin
Year: 2022
Status: Call for Papers
Contents 6 article(s)
OCTOPOD: single-bunch tomography for angular-spectral characterization of laser-driven protons
M. Reimold, S. Assenbaum, E. Beyreuther, E. Bodenstein, F.-E. Brack, C. Eisenmann, F. Englbrecht, F. Kroll, F. Lindner, U. Masood, J. Pawelke, U. Schramm, M. Schneider, M. Sobiella, M. E. P. Umlandt, M. Vescovi, K. Zeil, T. Ziegler, and J. Metzkes-Ng

Laser–plasma accelerated (LPA) proton bunches are now applied for research fields ranging from ultra-high-dose-rate radiobiology to material science. Yet, the capabilities to characterize the spectrally and angularly broad LPA bunches lag behind the rapidly evolving applications. The OCTOPOD translates the angularly resolved spectral characterization of LPA proton bunches into the spatially resolved detection of the volumetric dose distribution deposited in a liquid scintillator. Up to 24 multi-pinhole arrays record projections of the scintillation light distribution and allow for tomographic reconstruction of the volumetric dose deposition pattern, from which proton spectra may be retrieved. Applying the OCTOPOD at a cyclotron, we show the reliable retrieval of various spatial dose deposition patterns and detector sensitivity over a broad dose range. Moreover, the OCTOPOD was installed at an LPA proton source, providing real-time data on proton acceleration performance and attesting the system optimal performance in the harsh laser–plasma environment.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Jul. 04, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 6 06000e68 (2023)
Measurements of plasma density profile evolutions with a channel-guided laser
Tong Yang, Zhen Guo, Yang Yan, Minjian Wu, Yadong Xia, Qiangyou He, Hao Cheng, Yuze Li, Yanlv Fang, Yanying Zhao, Xueqing Yan, and Chen Lin

The discharged capillary plasma channel has been extensively studied as a high-gradient particle acceleration and transmission medium. A novel measurement method of plasma channel density profiles has been employed, where the role of plasma channels guiding the advantages of lasers has shown strong appeal. Here, we have studied the high-order transverse plasma density profile distribution using a channel-guided laser, and made detailed measurements of its evolution under various parameters. The paraxial wave equation in a plasma channel with high-order density profile components is analyzed, and the approximate propagation process based on the Gaussian profile laser is obtained on this basis, which agrees well with the simulation under phase conditions. In the experiments, by measuring the integrated transverse laser intensities at the outlet of the channels, the radial quartic density profiles of the plasma channels have been obtained. By precisely synchronizing the detection laser pulses and the plasma channels at various moments, the reconstructed density profile shows an evolution from the radial quartic profile to the quasi-parabolic profile, and the high-order component is indicated as an exponential decline tendency over time. Factors affecting the evolution rate were investigated by varying the incentive source and capillary parameters. It can be found that the discharge voltages and currents are positive factors quickening the evolution, while the electron-ion heating, capillary radii and pressures are negative ones. One plausible explanation is that quartic profile contributions may be linked to plasma heating. This work helps one to understand the mechanisms of the formation, the evolutions of the guiding channel electron-density profiles and their dependences on the external controllable parameters. It provides support and reflection for physical research on discharged capillary plasma and optimizing plasma channels in various applications.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Jul. 24, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 6 06000e85 (2023)
Measurement of electron beam transverse slice emittance using a focused beamline
Kangnan Jiang, Ke Feng, Hao Wang, Xiaojun Yang, Peile Bai, Yi Xu, Yuxin Leng, Wentao Wang, and Ruxin Li

A single-shot measurement of electron emittance was experimentally accomplished using a focused transfer line with a dipole. The betatron phase of electrons based on laser wakefield acceleration (LWFA) is energy dependent owing to the coupling of the longitudinal acceleration field and the transverse focusing (defocusing) field in the bubble. The phase space presents slice information after phase compensation relative to the center energy. Fitting the transverse size of the electron beam at different energy slices in the energy spectrum measured 0.27 mm mrad in the experiment. The diagnosis of slice emittance facilitates local electron quality manipulation, which is important for the development of LWFA-based free electron lasers. The quasi-3D particle-in-cell simulations matched the experimental results and analysis well.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Mar. 13, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 3 03000e36 (2023)
Three-dimensional acoustic monitoring of laser-accelerated protons in the focus of a pulsed-power solenoid lens
S. Gerlach, F. Balling, A. K. Schmidt, F. E. Brack, F. Kroll, J. Metzkes-Ng, M. Reimold, U. Schramm, M. Speicher, K. Zeil, K. Parodi, and J. Schreiber

The acoustic pulse emitted from the Bragg peak of a laser-accelerated proton bunch focused into water has recently enabled the reconstruction of the bunch energy distribution. By adding three ultrasonic transducers and implementing a fast data analysis of the filtered raw signals, I-BEAT (Ion-Bunch Energy Acoustic Tracing) 3D now provides the mean bunch energy and absolute lateral bunch position in real-time and for individual bunches. Relative changes in energy spread and lateral bunch size can also be monitored. Our experiments at DRACO with proton bunch energies between 10 and 30 MeV reveal sub-MeV and sub-mm resolution. In addition to this 3D bunch information, the signal strength correlates also with the absolute bunch particle number.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Feb. 23, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 3 03000e38 (2023)
Ion-bunch energy acoustic tracing by modulation of the depth-dose curve
A. Praßelsperger, F. Balling, H.-P. Wieser, K. Parodi, and J. Schreiber

Characterizing exact energy density distributions for laser-accelerated ion bunches in a medium is challenging due to very high beam intensities and the electro-magnetic pulse emitted in the laser–plasma interaction. Ion-bunch energy acoustic tracing allows for reconstructing the spatial energy density from the ionoacoustic wave generated upon impact in water. We have extended this approach to tracing ionoacoustic modulations of broad energy distributions by introducing thin foils in the water reservoir to shape the acoustic waves at distinct points along the depth–dose curve. Here, we present first simulation studies of this new detector and reconstruction approach, which provides an online read-out of the deposited energy with depth within the centimeter range behind the ion source of state-of-the-art laser–plasma-based accelerators.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
Mar. 02, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 3 03000e42 (2023)
Generation of a curved plasma channel from a discharged capillary for intense laser guiding
Jian-Long Li, Bo-Yuan Li, Xin-Zhe Zhu, Ze-Wu Bi, Xin-Hui Wen, Lin Lu, Xiao-Hui Yuan, Feng Liu, and Min Chen

Straight plasma channels are widely used to guide relativistic intense laser pulses over several Rayleigh lengths for laser wakefield acceleration. Recently, a curved plasma channel with gradually varied curvature was suggested to guide a fresh intense laser pulse and merge it into a straight channel for staged wakefield acceleration [Phys. Rev. Lett. 120, 154801 (2018)]. In this work, we report the generation of such a curved plasma channel from a discharged capillary. Both longitudinal and transverse density distributions of the plasma inside the channel were diagnosed by analyzing the discharging spectroscopy. Effects of the gas-filling mode, back pressure and discharging voltage on the plasma density distribution inside the specially designed capillary are studied. Experiments show that a longitudinally uniform and transversely parabolic plasma channel with a maximum channel depth of 47.5 μm and length of 3 cm can be produced, which is temporally stable enough for laser guiding. Using such a plasma channel, a laser pulse with duration of 30 fs has been successfully guided along the channel with the propagation direction bent by 10.4°.

High Power Laser Science and Engineering
May. 25, 2023, Vol. 11 Issue 5 05000e58 (2023)
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