Advanced Photonics Nexus
Co-Editors-in-Chief
Weibiao Chen, Xiao-Cong (Larry) Yuan, Anatoly Zayats

The article provides information about the image on the cover of Advanced Photonics Nexus, Volume 1, Issue 2.

Advanced Photonics Nexus
Dec. 23, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 029901 (2022)
  • Zhou Renlong, Ullah Kaleem, Hussain Naveed, Fadhali Mohammed M., Yang Sa, Lin Qiawu, Zubair Muhammad, and Iqbal Muhammad Faisal

    Due to their unusual features in condensed matter physics and their applicability in optical and optoelectronic applications, three-dimensional Dirac semimetals (3D DSMs) have garnered substantial interest in recent years. In contrast to monolayer graphene, 3D DSM exhibits linear band dispersion despite its macroscopic thickness. Therefore, being a bulk material, it is easy to make nanostructures with 3D DSM, just as one normally does with metals such as gold and silver. Among 3D DSMs, cadmium arsenide (Cd3As2) is quite famous and considered an excellent 3D DSM due to its chemical stability in air and extraordinary optical response. In this review, advances in 3D DSM Cd3As2 fabrication techniques and recent progress in the photonics of 3D DSM Cd3As2 are given and briefly reviewed. Various photonic features, including linear and nonlinear plasmonics, optical absorption, optical harmonic generation, and ultrafast dynamics, have been explored in detail. It is expected that Cd3As2 would share an excellent tunable photonic response like graphene. We envision that this article may serve as a concise overview of the recent progress of photonics in 3D DSM Cd3As2 and provides a compact reference for young researchers.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Nov. 14, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 024001 (2022)
  • He Hongsen, Tang Huajun, Zhou Meng, Ming Lai Hei, Qiao Tian, Ren Yu-xuan, Lai Cora S. W., Ko Ho, Wei Xiaoming, Yang Zhongmin, Tsia Kevin K., and Wong Kenneth K. Y.

    In two-photon microscopy, low illumination powers on samples and a high signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) of the excitation laser are highly desired for alleviating the problems of photobleaching and phototoxicity, as well as providing clean backgrounds for images. However, the high-repetition-rate Ti:sapphire laser and the low-SNR Raman-shift lasers fall short of meeting these demands, especially when used for deep penetrations. Here, we demonstrate a 937-nm laser frequency-doubled from an all-fiber mode-locked laser at 1.8 μm with a low repetition rate of ∼9 MHz and a high SNR of 74 dB. We showcase two-photon excitations with low illumination powers on multiple types of biological tissues, including fluorescence imaging of mouse brain neurons labeled with green and yellow fluorescence proteins (GFP and YFP), DiI-stained and GFP-labeled blood vessels, Alexa Fluor 488/568-stained mouse kidney, and second-harmonic-generation imaging of the mouse skull, leg, and tail. We achieve a penetration depth in mouse brain tissues up to 620 μm with an illumination power as low as ∼10 mW, and, even for the DiI dye with an extremely low excitation efficiency of 3.3%, the penetration depth is still up to 530 μm, indicating that the low-repetition-rate source works efficiently for a wide range of dyes with a fixed excitation wavelength. The low-repetition-rate and high-SNR excitation source holds great potential for biological investigations, such as in vivo deep-tissue imaging.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Aug. 11, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 026001 (2022)
  • Chen Yu, Li Yang, Tang Wenhao, Tang Yutao, Hu Yue, Hu Zixian, Deng Junhong, Cheah Kokwai, and Li Guixin

    Structural color from artificial structures, due to its environmental friendliness and excellent durability, represents a route for color printing applications. Among various physical mechanisms, the Fabry–Perot (F–P) cavity effect provides a powerful way to generate vivid colors in either the reflection or transmission direction. Most of the previous F–P type color printing works rely on electron beam grayscale lithography, however, with this technique it is challenging to make large-area and low-cost devices. To circumvent this constraint, we propose to fabricate the F–P type color printing device by the laser grayscale lithography process. The F–P cavity consists of two thin silver films as mirrors and a photoresist film with a spatially variant thickness as the spacer layer. By controlling the laser exposure dose pixel by pixel, a centimeter-scale full-color printing device with a spatial resolution up to 5 μm × 5 μm is demonstrated. The proposed large area color printing device may have great potential in practical application areas such as color displays, hyperspectral imaging, advanced painting, and so on.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Oct. 07, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 026002 (2022)
  • Wei Bing-Yan, Zhang Yuan, Xiong Haozhe, Liu Sheng, Li Peng, Wen Dandan, and Zhao Jianlin

    Emerging as a family of waves, Janus waves are known to have “real” and “virtual” components under inversion of the propagation direction. Although tremendous interest has been evoked in vortex beams featuring spiral wavefronts, little research has been devoted to the vortex beam embedded Janus waves, i.e., Janus vortex beams. We propose a liquid crystal (LC) Pancharatnam–Berry (PB) phase element to demonstrate the realization of the Janus vortex beams and the modulation of the associated orbit angular momentum (OAM) and spin angular momentum (SAM). The generated Janus vortex beams show opposite OAM and SAM states at two distinct foci, revealing a spin-orbit interaction during propagation enabled by the LC PB phase element, which may play special roles in applications such as optical encryption and decryption. Other merits like reconfigurability and flexible switching between Janus vortex beams and autofocusing or autodefocusing vortex beams additionally increase the degree of freedom of manipulating vortex beams. This work provides a platform for tailoring complex structured light and may enrich the applications of vortex beams in classical and quantum optics.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Oct. 13, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 026003 (2022)
  • Lu Yu, Kai Lin, Chen Caiyi, Yang Qing, Meng Yizhao, Liu Yi, Cheng Yang, Hou Xun, and Chen Feng

    Nanochannel structures with a feature size deeply under the diffraction limit and a high aspect ratio hold huge biomedical significance, which is especially challenging to be realized on hard and brittle materials, such as silica, diamond, and sapphire. By simultaneously depositing the pulse energy on the surface and inside the sample, nanochannels with the smallest feature size of 18 nm (∼1 / 30λ) and more than 200 aspect ratios are achieved inside silica, the mechanism of which can be concluded as the surface assisting material ejection effect. Both the experimental and theoretical results prove that the coaction of the superficial “hot domain” and internal hot domain dominates the generation of the nanochannels, which gives new insights into the laser-material interacting mechanisms and potentially promotes the corresponding application fields.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Nov. 01, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 026004 (2022)
  • Tang Weiwei, Jia Qiannan, Wang Yong, Zhao Ding, Lyu Wei, Yan Wei, and Qiu Min

    Manipulating motion of microobjects with light is indispensable in various technologies. On solid interfaces, its realizations, however, are hampered by surface friction. To resolve this difficulty, light-induced elastic waves have been recently proposed to drive microobjects against friction. Despite its expected applicability for arbitrary optical-absorptive objects, the new principle has only been tested with microsized gold plates. Herein, we validate this principle using a new material and report directional and continuous movements of a two-dimensional topological insulator (Sb2Te3) plate on an untreated microfiber surface driven by nanosecond laser pulses. The motion performance of the Sb2Te3 plate is characterized by a scanning electron microscope. We observe that the motion velocity can be controlled by tuning the average power of laser pulses. Further, by intentionally increasing the pulse repetition rate and exploiting the low thermal conductivity of Sb2Te3, we examine the thermal effects on actuation and reveal the motion instability induced by formations of microbumps on Sb2Te3 surfaces due to the Marangoni effects. Moreover, as the formed microbumps are heated to viscoelasticity states, liquid-like motion featuring asymmetry in contact angles is observed and characterized, which expands the scope of light-induced actuation of microobjects.

    Advanced Photonics Nexus
    Nov. 16, 2022
  • Vol. 1 Issue 2 026005 (2022)
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