NUCLEAR TECHNIQUES, Volume. 46, Issue 8, 080021(2023)

Supernovae and their scientific secrets

Zhihong LI1,2、*, Gexing LI1, Hankui WANG3, Yunju LI1, Na SONG1, Chen CHEN1, Junwen TIAN1, Chao DONG1, and Jiayinghao LI1
Author Affiliations
  • 1China Institute of Atomic Energy, Beijing 102413, China
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 101408, China
  • 3Zhejiang SCI-TECH University, Hangzhou 310018, China
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    Supernovae are the most gorgeous fireworks that people can observe in the universe. Their explosion can produce a maximum luminosity 10 billion times that of the Sun, helping scientists see farther. Type Ia supernovae can be used as a standard candle to facilitate measurement of the distance between galaxies in the universe. A supernova explosion will also propel a large number of heavy elements into interstellar space, which is a major driving force for the chemical evolution of galaxies. In addition, supernovae are crucial to the origin of elements in the Milky Way, the formation of the structure of the solar system, and the evolution of life on the Earth. The study of supernovae will further enrich our understanding of the universe and help us solve the mysteries of the expansion of the universe, the generation of heavy elements, and the origin of life. At present, scientists predict that the next supernova will explode at any time, and preparations are in progress for observing the coming supernova.


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    Zhihong LI, Gexing LI, Hankui WANG, Yunju LI, Na SONG, Chen CHEN, Junwen TIAN, Chao DONG, Jiayinghao LI. Supernovae and their scientific secrets[J]. NUCLEAR TECHNIQUES, 2023, 46(8): 080021

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    Paper Information

    Category: Research Articles

    Received: Dec. 27, 2022

    Accepted: --

    Published Online: Sep. 19, 2023

    The Author Email: LI Zhihong (



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