Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics, Volume. 19, Issue 1, 98(2024)

Retrieval of volcanic SO2 emission rate

GUO Jianjun1, LI Faquan2, ZHANG Zihao1, ZHANG Huiliang1, LI Juan3, WU Kuijun1, and HE Weiwei1、*
Author Affiliations
  • 1School of Physics and Electronic Information, Yantai University, Yantai 264005, China
  • 2Innovation Academy for Precision Measurement Science and Technology, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Wuhan 430071, China
  • 3Xi'an Institute of Optics and Precision Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Xi'an 710119, China
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    SO2 UV camera has been successfully applied in volcanic activity monitoring and its dynamics research due to its remarkable advantages in temporal resolution, spatial resolution, detection sensitivity, and detection accuracy. To address the issues that SO2 emission rate retrieved from UV camera images is easily affected by plume turbulence and the imges obtined are often with low contras, an optical flow algorithm incorporating neural network is proposed in this work. Firstly, based on the characteristics of atmospheric ultraviolet radiation transmission, the working mechanism of the SO2 UV camera and the inversion method of SO2 concentration image are described. Secondly, the neural network is integrated into the optical flow algorithm to achieve accurate inversion of SO2 emission rate in volcanic plume images; Finally, compared with the traditional optical flow methods, the superiority and accuracy of the proposed neural network optical flow algorithm is confirmed. The experimental results show that the neural network optical flow method can reduce the error of edge inversion from 94% to 5% even under the dual influence of low contrast of images and plume turbulence effect, significantly improving the accuracy of SO2 emission rate inversion.


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    Jianjun GUO, Faquan LI, Zihao ZHANG, Huiliang ZHANG, Juan LI, Kuijun WU, Weiwei HE. Retrieval of volcanic SO2 emission rate[J]. Journal of Atmospheric and Environmental Optics, 2024, 19(1): 98

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    Paper Information


    Received: Dec. 26, 2022

    Accepted: --

    Published Online: Mar. 19, 2024

    The Author Email: HE Weiwei (