Chinese Optics Letters, Volume. 20, Issue 9, 091601(2022)

Nd3+-doped silica glass and fiber prepared by modified sol-gel method

Yinggang Chen1,2, Zhiquan Lin3, Yafei Wang1, Meng Wang1, Lei Zhang1, Yan Jiao1,2, Hehe Dong1, Shikai Wang1,*, Chunlei Yu1,2,3,**, and Lili Hu1,2,3,***
Author Affiliations
  • 1Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
  • 2University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100039, China
  • 3Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Hangzhou 310024, China
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    Large-size Al3+/Nd3+ co-doped silica glass with 5000 ppm Nd3+ and 50,000 ppm Al3+ doping concentrations was prepared by the modified sol-gel method combined with high-temperature melting and molding technology. Electron probe micro-analyzer tests indicated that high doping homogeneity was achieved with this sample preparation method. The spectral properties of the Nd3+ ions were evaluated. Nd3+-doped silica fiber (NDF) with a core-to-clad ratio of 20/125 μm was drawn from the preform with the Al3+/Nd3+ co-doped silica glass as the core. In the laser oscillation experiment, a maximum output power of 14.6 W at 1.06 μm with a slope efficiency of 39.6% was obtained from the NDF pumped by a commercial 808 nm laser diode. To the best of our knowledge, this is the highest laser power reported for an NDF operated at 1060 nm and prepared by a non-chemical vapor deposition method. In the master oscillator power amplifier experiment, a maximum power of 16.6 W corresponding to a slope efficiency of 30.5% at 1061 nm was also demonstrated. The laser performance of the NDF exhibited the great advantages and potential of the modified sol-gel method in fabricating Nd3+-doped silica glass for a new type of NDFs like large mode area fibers and fibers with large diameter ratio of core/cladding.


    1. Introduction

    Nd3+-doped silica fiber (NDF) has good thermo-mechanical properties of silica glass and a perfect energy level structure of Nd3+ ions, which is widely used in communication, biomedical, military, material processing, high-power laser, and other fields[1,2]. The F43/2I411/2 transition of Nd3+ can generate a 1060nm laser with extremely low laser threshold and long fluorescence lifetime, which benefits the laser output and energy storage. Nd3+-doped glass, crystal, and ceramics are well developed for this band[35]. Moreover, the application of Nd3+ in several other bands has also been widely considered by researchers. The F43/2I49/2 transition of NDF can generate a 900nm laser, which can be directly used in atmospheric detection, lidar, and Yb3+ ion pumping[6]. The deep blue lasers produced by its frequency doubling can be used in underwater communication, precision optics, atom cooling, and other fields[7,8]. The F43/2I413/2 transition of NDF can generate lasers in the E-band of wavelengths (1350–1450 nm), which plays an important role in the fields of remote sensing, surgery, optical fiber communication, information storage, and so on[9,10]. These new applications require NDFs with a larger core-to-clad ratio and higher doping concentrations.


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    Yinggang Chen, Zhiquan Lin, Yafei Wang, Meng Wang, Lei Zhang, Yan Jiao, Hehe Dong, Shikai Wang, Chunlei Yu, Lili Hu. Nd3+-doped silica glass and fiber prepared by modified sol-gel method[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2022, 20(9): 091601

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    Paper Information

    Category: Optical Materials

    Received: Mar. 9, 2022

    Accepted: May. 13, 2022

    Published Online: Jun. 16, 2022

    The Author Email: Shikai Wang (, Chunlei Yu (, Lili Hu (



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