Photonics Research, Volume. 10, Issue 6, 06001380(2022)

Broadband high-efficiency polymerized liquid crystal metasurfaces with spin-multiplexed functionalities in the visible On the Cover

Xinjian Lu1,2,†, Xiaoyin Li1,3,†, Yinghui Guo1,2,3, Mingbo Pu1,2,3, Jiangyu Wang1,4, Yaxin Zhang1,2, Xiong Li1,2, Xiaoliang Ma1,2, and Xiangang Luo1,2,*
Author Affiliations
  • 1State Key Laboratory of Optical Technologies on Nano-Fabrication and Micro-Engineering, Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610209, China
  • 2School of Optoelectronics, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, China
  • 3Vector Light Field Research Center, Institute of Optics and Electronics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Chengdu 610209, China
  • 4School of Optoelectronic Science and Engineering, University of Electronic Science and Technology of China, Chengdu 610054, China
  • show less
    References (58)

    [1] N. Yu, F. Capasso. Flat optics with designer metasurfaces. Nat. Mater., 13, 139-150(2014).

    [2] Y. Zhou, H. Zheng, I. I. Kravchenko, J. Valentine. Flat optics for image differentiation. Nat. Photonics, 14, 316-323(2020).

    [3] X. Luo. Engineering optics 2.0: a revolution in optical materials, devices, and systems. ACS Photon., 5, 4724-4738(2018).

    [4] N. Yu, P. Genevet, M. A. Kats, F. Aieta, J.-P. Tetienne, F. Capasso, Z. Gaburro. Light propagation with phase discontinuities: generalized laws of reflection and refraction. Science, 334, 333-337(2011).

    [5] S. Pancharatnam. Generalized theory of interference and its applications. Proc. Indian Acad. Sci. A, 44, 398-417(1956).

    [6] M. V. Berry. The adiabatic phase and Pancharatnam’s phase for polarized light. J. Mod. Opt., 34, 1401-1407(1987).

    [7] D. Tang, C. Wang, Z. Zhao, Y. Wang, M. Pu, X. Li, P. Gao, X. Luo. Ultrabroadband superoscillatory lens composed by plasmonic metasurfaces for subdiffraction light focusing. Laser Photon. Rev., 9, 713-719(2015).

    [8] X. Luo. Principles of electromagnetic waves in metasurfaces. Sci. China Phys. Mech. Astron., 58, 594201(2015).

    [9] Z. Yue, J. Li, J. Li, C. Zheng, J. Liu, G. Wang, H. Xu, M. Chen, Y. Zhang, Y. Zhang. Terahertz metasurface zone plates with arbitrary polarizations to a fixed polarization conversion. Opto-Electron. Sci., 1, 210014(2022).

    [10] M. Khorasaninejad, W. T. Chen, R. C. Devlin, J. Oh, A. Y. Zhu, F. Capasso. Metalenses at visible wavelengths: diffraction-limited focusing and subwavelength resolution imaging. Science, 352, 1190-1194(2016).

    [11] Y. Wang, Q. Fan, T. Xu. Design of high efficiency achromatic metalens with large operation bandwidth using bilayer architecture. Opto-Electron. Adv., 4, 200008(2021).

    [12] M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, C. Wang, C. Hu, P. Gao, C. Huang, H. Ren. Catenary optics for achromatic generation of perfect optical angular momentum. Sci. Adv., 1, e1500396(2015).

    [13] F. Zhang, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma, Y. Guo, P. Gao, H. Yu, M. Gu, X. Luo. Extreme-angle silicon infrared optics enabled by streamlined surfaces. Adv. Mater., 33, 2008157(2021).

    [14] X. Luo, M. Pu, X. Li, X. Ma. Broadband spin Hall effect of light in single nanoapertures. Light Sci. Appl., 6, e16276(2017).

    [15] Z. L. Deng, M. Jin, X. Ye, S. Wang, T. Shi, J. Deng, N. Mao, Y. Cao, B. O. Guan, A. Alù. Full-color complex-amplitude vectorial holograms based on multi-freedom metasurfaces. Adv. Funct. Mater., 30, 1910610(2020).

    [16] H. Gao, X. Fan, W. Xiong, M. Hong. Recent advances in optical dynamic meta-holography. Opto-Electron. Adv., 4, 210030(2021).

    [17] S. Zhang, P. Huo, W. Zhu, C. Zhang, P. Chen, M. Liu, L. Chen, H. J. Lezec, A. Agrawal, Y. Lu. Broadband detection of multiple spin and orbital angular momenta via dielectric metasurface. Laser Photon. Rev., 14, 2000062(2020).

    [18] H. Gao, Y. Li, L. Chen, J. Jin, M. Pu, X. Li, P. Gao, C. Wang, X. Luo, M. Hong. Quasi-Talbot effect of orbital angular momentum beams for generation of optical vortex arrays by multiplexing metasurface design. Nanoscale, 10, 666-671(2018).

    [19] X. Xie, M. Pu, J. Jin, M. Xu, Y. Guo, X. Li, P. Gao, X. Ma, X. Luo. Generalized Pancharatnam-Berry phase in rotationally symmetric meta-atoms. Phys. Rev. Lett., 126, 183902(2021).

    [20] M. K. Chen, Y. Wu, L. Feng, Q. Fan, M. Lu, T. Xu, D. P. Tsai. Principles, functions, and applications of optical meta-lens. Adv. Opt. Mater., 9, 2001414(2021).

    [21] X. Luo. Extraordinary Young’s interferences and super-diffraction laser lithography. Handbook of Laser Micro- and Nano-Engineering, 1-40(2020).

    [22] Q. Xu, T. Sun, C. Wang. Coded liquid crystal metasurface for achromatic imaging in the broadband wavelength range. ACS Appl. Nano Mater., 4, 5068-5075(2021).

    [23] T. Zhan, Y. H. Lee, G. Tan, J. Xiong, K. Yin, F. Gou, J. Zou, N. Zhang, D. Zhao, J. Yang. Pancharatnam–Berry optical elements for head-up and near-eye displays. J. Opt. Soc. Am. B, 36, D52-D65(2019).

    [24] H. Chen, Y. Weng, D. Xu, N. V. Tabiryan, S.-T. Wu. Beam steering for virtual/augmented reality displays with a cycloidal diffractive waveplate. Opt. Express, 24, 7287-7298(2016).

    [25] X. Shen, Y.-J. Wang, H.-S. Chen, X. Xiao, Y.-H. Lin, B. Javidi. Extended depth-of-focus 3D micro integral imaging display using a bifocal liquid crystal lens. Opt. Lett., 40, 538-541(2015).

    [26] B. Wei, S. Liu, P. Chen, S. Qi, Y. Zhang, W. Hu, Y. Lu, J. Zhao. Vortex Airy beams directly generated via liquid crystal q-Airy-plates. Appl. Phys. Lett., 112, 121101(2018).

    [27] W. Duan, P. Chen, S.-J. Ge, B.-Y. Wei, W. Hu, Y.-Q. Lu. Helicity-dependent forked vortex lens based on photo-patterned liquid crystals. Opt. Express, 25, 14059-14064(2017).

    [28] M. W. Kudenov, M. Miskiewicz, N. Sanders, M. J. Escuti. Achromatic Wollaston prism beam splitter using polarization gratings. Opt. Lett., 41, 4461-4463(2016).

    [29] K. Gao, C. McGinty, H. Payson, S. Berry, J. Vornehm, V. Finnemeyer, B. Roberts, P. Bos. High-efficiency large-angle Pancharatnam phase deflector based on dual-twist design. Opt. Express, 25, 6283-6293(2017).

    [30] S. R. Nersisyan, N. V. Tabiryan, L. Hoke, D. M. Steeves, B. Kimball. Polarization insensitive imaging through polarization gratings. Opt. Express, 17, 1817-1830(2009).

    [31] Z. He, K. Yin, S.-T. Wu. Miniature planar telescopes for efficient, wide-angle, high-precision beam steering. Light Sci. Appl., 10, 1(2021).

    [32] K. Ou, F. Yu, G. Li, W. Wang, A. E. Miroshnichenko, L. Huang, P. Wang, T. Li, Z. Li, X. Chen. Mid-infrared polarization-controlled broadband achromatic metadevice. Sci. Adv., 6, eabc0711(2020).

    [33] C. Yan, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Ma, F. Zhang, P. Gao, K. Liu, X. Luo. Midinfrared real-time polarization imaging with all-dielectric metasurfaces. Appl. Phys. Lett., 114, 161904(2019).

    [34] F. Zhang, M. Pu, X. Li, P. Gao, X. Ma, J. Luo, H. Yu, X. Luo. All-dielectric metasurfaces for simultaneous giant circular asymmetric transmission and wavefront shaping based on asymmetric photonic spin–orbit interactions. Adv. Funct. Mater., 27, 1704295(2017).

    [35] Y. Zhou, Y. Yuan, T. Zeng, X. Wang, D. Tang, F. Fan, S. Wen. Liquid crystal bifocal lens with adjustable intensities through polarization controls. Opt. Lett., 45, 5716-5719(2020).

    [36] S. Zhou, Z. Shen, X. Li, S. Ge, Y. Lu, W. Hu. Liquid crystal integrated metalens with dynamic focusing property. Opt. Lett., 45, 4324-4327(2020).

    [37] P. Yeh, C. Gu. Optics of Liquid Crystal Displays(1999).

    [38] J. Kim, Y. Li, M. N. Miskiewicz, C. Oh, M. W. Kudenov, M. J. Escuti. Fabrication of ideal geometric-phase holograms with arbitrary wavefronts. Optica, 2, 958-964(2015).

    [39] M. Berry, S. Popescu. Evolution of quantum superoscillations and optical superresolution without evanescent waves. J. Phys. A, 39, 6965(2006).

    [40] X. Luo. Meta-surface-waves in digital optics. J. Phys. Photon., 2, 041003(2020).

    [41] F. Qin, K. Huang, J. Wu, J. Teng, C. W. Qiu, M. Hong. A supercritical lens optical label-free microscopy: sub-diffraction resolution and ultra-long working distance. Adv. Mater., 29, 1602721(2017).

    [42] F. Qin, B. Liu, L. Zhu, J. Lei, W. Fang, D. Hu, Y. Zhu, W. Ma, B. Wang, T. Shi. π-phase modulated monolayer supercritical lens. Nat. Commun., 12, 1(2021).

    [43] C. Wang, D. Tang, Y. Wang, Z. Zhao, J. Wang, M. Pu, Y. Zhang, W. Yan, P. Gao, X. Luo. Super-resolution optical telescopes with local light diffraction shrinkage. Sci. Rep., 5, 18485(2015).

    [44] X. Lu, Y. Guo, M. Pu, Y. Zhang, Z. Li, X. Li, X. Ma, X. Luo. Broadband achromatic metasurfaces for sub-diffraction focusing in the visible. Opt. Express, 29, 5947-5958(2021).

    [45] E. T. Rogers, J. Lindberg, T. Roy, S. Savo, J. E. Chad, M. R. Dennis, N. I. Zheludev. A super-oscillatory lens optical microscope for subwavelength imaging. Nat. Mater., 11, 432-435(2012).

    [46] D. Tang, J. Liu, L. Chen, J. Liu, X. Zhang. Reflective plasmonic super-oscillatory metasurfaces with simultaneous phase and amplitude controls for sub-diffraction focusing. J. Phys. D, 53, 154001(2020).

    [47] S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y.-C. Lai, C. H. Chu, J.-W. Chen, S.-H. Lu, J. Chen, B. Xu, C.-H. Kuan. Broadband achromatic optical metasurface devices. Nat. Commun., 8, 1(2017).

    [48] W. T. Chen, A. Y. Zhu, V. Sanjeev, M. Khorasaninejad, Z. Shi, E. Lee, F. Capasso. A broadband achromatic metalens for focusing and imaging in the visible. Nat. Nanotechnol., 13, 220-226(2018).

    [49] T. Liu, J. Tan, J. Liu, H. Wang. Vectorial design of super-oscillatory lens. Opt. Express, 21, 15090-15101(2013).

    [50] Z. Li, T. Zhang, Y. Wang, W. Kong, J. Zhang, Y. Huang, C. Wang, X. Li, M. Pu, X. Luo. Achromatic broadband super-resolution imaging by super-oscillatory metasurface. Laser Photon. Rev., 12, 1800064(2018).

    [51] X. Dai, F. Dong, K. Zhang, D. Liao, S. Li, Z. Shang, Y. Zhou, G. Liang, Z. Zhang, Z. Wen. Holographic super-resolution metalens for achromatic sub-wavelength focusing. ACS Photon., 8, 2294-2303(2021).

    [52] G. H. Yuan, E. T. Rogers, N. I. Zheludev. Achromatic super-oscillatory lenses with sub-wavelength focusing. Light Sci. Appl., 6, e17036(2017).

    [53] D. Tang, L. Chen, J. Liu. Visible achromatic super-oscillatory metasurfaces for sub-diffraction focusing. Opt. Express, 27, 12308-12316(2019).

    [54] S. Wang, P. C. Wu, V.-C. Su, Y. C. Lai, M.-K. Chen, H. Y. Kuo, B. H. Chen, Y. H. Chen, T. T. Huang, J.-H. Wang. A broadband achromatic metalens in the visible. Nat. Nanotechnol., 13, 227-232(2018).

    [55] X. Lu, Y. Guo, M. Pu, M. Xu, J. Jin, Z. Li, X. Li, X. Ma, X. Luo. Switchable polarization-multiplexed super-oscillatory metasurfaces for achromatic sub-diffraction focusing. Opt. Express, 28, 39024-39037(2020).

    [56] P. Huo, C. Zhang, W. Zhu, M. Liu, S. Zhang, S. Zhang, L. Chen, H. J. Lezec, A. Agrawal, Y. Lu. Photonic spin-multiplexing metasurface for switchable spiral phase contrast imaging. Nano Lett., 20, 2791-2798(2020).

    [57] A. Nemati, Q. Wang, M. Hong, J. Teng. Tunable and reconfigurable metasurfaces and metadevices. Opto-Electron. Adv., 1, 18000901(2018).

    [58] T. Cao, M. Lian, X. Chen, L. Mao, K. Liu, J. Jia, Y. Su, H. Ren, S. Zhang, Y. Xu. Multi-cycle reconfigurable THz extraordinary optical transmission using chalcogenide metamaterials. Opto-Electron. Sci., 1, 210010(2022).


    Get Citation

    Copy Citation Text

    Xinjian Lu, Xiaoyin Li, Yinghui Guo, Mingbo Pu, Jiangyu Wang, Yaxin Zhang, Xiong Li, Xiaoliang Ma, Xiangang Luo. Broadband high-efficiency polymerized liquid crystal metasurfaces with spin-multiplexed functionalities in the visible[J]. Photonics Research, 2022, 10(6): 06001380

    Download Citation

    EndNote(RIS)BibTexPlain Text
    Save article for my favorites
    Paper Information

    Category: Nanophotonics and Photonic Crystals

    Received: Dec. 27, 2021

    Accepted: Apr. 12, 2022

    Published Online: May. 12, 2022

    The Author Email: Xiangang Luo (



    Please enter the answer below before you can view the full text.