Chinese Optics Letters, Volume. 20, Issue 7, 071401(2022)

Low-threshold continuous operation of fiber gas Raman laser based on large-core anti-resonant hollow-core fiber

Xinyue Zhu1,2, Fei Yu2,3,*, Dakun Wu3, Yan Feng2,3, Shufen Chen1, Yi Jiang1, and Lili Hu2,3
Author Affiliations
  • 1School of Optics and Photonics, Beijing Institute of Technology, Beijing 100081, China
  • 2Shanghai Institute of Optics and Fine Mechanics, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Shanghai 201800, China
  • 3Hangzhou Institute for Advanced Study, UCAS, Hangzhou 310024, China
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    Continuous operation of fiber gas Raman lasing at the 1135 nm wavelength is experimentally demonstrated with an output power exceeding 26 W. Rotational stimulated Raman scattering (Rot-SRS) is generated in the hydrogen gas filled 50 m homemade anti-resonant hollow-core fiber (AR-HCF). A single-frequency fiber laser at the 1064 nm wavelength is used as the pump source, and a minimum threshold of 31.5 W is measured where the core diameter of AR-HCF reaches 37 µm. Up to 40.4% power conversion efficiency of forward Rot-SRS is achieved in the single-pass configuration, corresponding to a quantum efficiency of 43.1%. Over 1 W strong backward Rot-SRS is observed in the experiment, ultimately limiting the further increase of Rot-SRS generation in the forward direction.


    1. Introduction

    Gas-filled microstructured hollow-core fibers (MS-HCFs) have demonstrated many advantages as a minimized gas cell and shown the promising potential of reforming the bulky gas laser[1] and sensors into a more compact and robust all-fiber configuration[2]. The gas–light interaction along MS-HCF could be possibly enhanced by 106 times stronger than that in the Rayleigh zone of the free-space laser beam[3]. In MS-HCF, both the gas and light field could be tightly confined in a core region of tens of µm2 area. Meanwhile, its effective interaction length depending on the fiber loss is much extended to tens of meters. The latest development of anti-resonant hollow-core fiber (AR-HCF) demonstrated 0.22 dB/km minimum fiber loss that implies more than a thousand effective length to use[4].


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    Xinyue Zhu, Fei Yu, Dakun Wu, Yan Feng, Shufen Chen, Yi Jiang, Lili Hu. Low-threshold continuous operation of fiber gas Raman laser based on large-core anti-resonant hollow-core fiber[J]. Chinese Optics Letters, 2022, 20(7): 071401

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    Paper Information

    Category: Lasers, Optical Amplifiers, and Laser Optics

    Received: Mar. 5, 2022

    Accepted: Apr. 18, 2022

    Published Online: May. 7, 2022

    The Author Email: Fei Yu (



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